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TECHNICAL RULES

SELECTION PURPOSES

The purpose of selection is to enhance the horse’s positive features of a good temperament, resistance, liveliness, aptitude to horse racing and equestrian activities, recreational and countryside riding as well as sports riding in general through the selection of stallions and mares that will genetically pass on these features to their offspring.

The Central Technical Commission establishes the necessary methods and instruments to collect data used for a genetic assessment of horses and decides about the use of breeding animals within the framework of the Studbook.

TYPICAL FEATURES

BREEDING AREA

a) Area of Origin: the territory of the Province of Bolzano/Bozen

b) Expansion area: the entire Italian State, particularly in hill and mountain areas.

CONFORMATION

Typically mesomorphic horse of distinct appearance, of harmonious, strong, correct forms; correct balance of all organic apparatuses. Good temperament and yet sufficiently energetic with a good aptitude to movement  and good stride speed/energy use ratio.

BODY COLOUR

Sorrel in its various nuances, preferably golden sorrel; forelock, mane and tail with full, thin, smooth and preferably fair hair.

Legs preferably without white markings.

HEAD

Rather light, lean, well set, very expressive; slight depression in the aboral limit of the nasal region; large and mobile nostrils; well open and well evident inframaxillary canal; not long, mobile, well set ears; lively, expressive eyes with well traced orbital arches.

NECK

Pyramidal, not excessively large, sufficiently long neck, of intermediate direction (45 degrees), lightly attached to the head and harmoniously attached to the trunk.

WITHERS

Well pronounced and lean, prolonged towards the back.

BACK

Sufficiently long, well sustained, muscled, well directed.

LOINS

Powerful, short, muscled, well attached to the croup.

CROUP

Long, broad, muscled, medium sloped.

TAIL

Well attached and with full hair.

BREAST

Broad with evident muscles, sternum well set down between the elbows; seen from the profile convex and well carinated.

SHOULDER

Long, well sloped, muscled and adherent to the trunk.

CHEST

Broad, high, deep, with curved long and oblique ribs.

ABDOMEN

Well conformed and sustained.

THIGH AND BUTTOCK

Muscled, also towards the region of the leg.

FOOT

Well shaped foot, with healthy, resistant, preferably pigmented hoof.

LEGS

The free part of the legs is relatively short, with excellent muscle masses, wide and clear joints, strong and muscled forearm prevailing over the cannon; very muscled hindleg with robust, dry, clear and well directed hock; short and dry cannons with well detached tendons; solid and well directed pasterns; regular natural stances.

GAITS

Regular, energetic, elastic, with long and medium raised stride; the legs move with regular oscillations and a strong impulsion of the hindquarters.

BIOMETRIC DATA AT MIN. 30 MONTHS

BIOMETRIC DATA

SIZE - MALES

Withers height min 137 cm

Chest girth min 165 cm

Cannon girth from 18 cm  to  22 cm

SIZE - FEMALES

Withers height min 137 cm

Chest girth 155 cm

Cannon girth from 17 cm  to  21cm

EVALUATION

The Breed Inspector, after describing the morphologic appearance through the Linear Assessment Method, records the evaluation of the following elements in the specific space on the form:

- Typical features, distinction

- General harmony

- Legs and natural stances

- Pace

- Trot

And an overall evaluation of the horse.

The above mentioned elements and the overall evaluation are given the following possible qualifications:

QUALIFICATION:

CLASS:

Excellent       Ia

Very good     Ib

Good              IIa

Satisfactory   IIb

Sufficient       III

Insufficient     -

Horses which do not obtain a SUFFICIENT qualification in even just one of the above mentioned categories will be excluded from the Studbook. The Breed Inspector makes the overall evaluation of the horse and defines its corresponding class on the basis of the value assigned to the individual elements in the linear evaluation form and possibly of other parameters established in the Studbook technical norms, according to a calculation scheme, which the Central Technical Commission establishes through a specific resolution.

Male horses, in order to be entered in the Stallion Register must fulfill the following requirements:

a – if they come from the Italian Register of Foals or from a recognized foreign Studbook of a EU country:

a-1) meet the requirements provided for in Art. 12 letters 2 of the Studbook Regulations;

a-2) be born from mares which obtained at least GOOD as final morphologic qualification;

a-3) have obtained at least GOOD as final morphologic qualification;

a-4) obtain a genetic index which is above a certain  threshold established annually by the Central Technical Commission.

b - if they come from a recognized foreign Studbook of a non-EU country:

b-1) meet the genealogic requirements provided for in Art. 12 letter 2

b-2) have obtained at least VERY GOOD as qualification

b-3) obtain a genetic index which is above a certain  threshold established annually by the Central Technical Commission.

c – if they are stallions which are already authorized as breeding animals in recognized Studbooks of EU countries:

c-1 ) meet the genealogic requirements provided for in Art. 12 letter 2

c-2 ) exhibit to the Central Office of the Studbook an original official document of the breeding authorization issued by the competent authority of the EU country of origin.

c-3 ) obtain a morphologic evaluation with the method envisaged in the Italian Regulations that allows for a genetic evaluation on a national scale.

c-4 ) the breeding animal which obtains at least “good” as morphologic qualification and whose genetic index exceeds the threshold established by the Central Technical Commission for male breeding animals may function within the framework of the Studbook.

The Breed Inspector signs the evaluation form filled in  three copies. One copy is given to the breeder and another copy to the competent Provincial Association of Breeders.

MORPHOLOGICAL AND GENETIC DEFECTS WHICH PREVENT INCLUSION IN THE STUDBOOK

Excessively lymphatic constitution; disharmonic trunk; coarse and heavy head with long, hanging ears; small eyes with heavy orbital arches; insufficient transverse diameters, flat-sided ribs; excessively wrong natural stances; excessively large leg markings (one very high stocking, two high socks, three even medium pasterns, 4 white markings) and excessively large head markings; eye with visible sclera and bluish iris; white dappling and excessive roan markings; clear presence of black hair in mane and tail.

All recognized hereditary defects also lead to exclusion, in particular:

- umbilical hernia

- teeth abnormalities: prognathism and brachygnathia

- hereditary kneecap luxation (patellar cramp)

- inborn cryptorchidism

- hoof abnormalities; uneven hooves, flat or grappled feet and other recognized malformations.

These hereditary defects must be diagnosed by a veterinarian, whose report will be attached to the horse’s lineage paper and description paper.

APPEALS

The judgment given by the national Breed Inspector appointed by ANACRHAI is final.

Appeals can be presented only and exclusively when exclusion from entry was motivated by hereditary defects.

In this case the Central Technical Commission will appoint a Commission that will give a final judgment.

Changes to these regulations by the Italian Ministry of Agricultural Resources,  Food and Forests come into force on the date of the corresponding decree of approval.

Proposals for changes made by A.N.A.C.R.HA.I., subject to the favourable opinion of the Studbook Central Technical Commission, shall be communicated to the Italian Ministry of Agricultural Resources, Food and Forests within 60 days from the date of the resolution by the Central Technical Commission. These changes come into force on the date of the related decree of approval or anyhow after 90 days from the date of their communication to the Italian Ministry of Agricultural Resources, Food and Forests, unless the Ministry itself expresses an unfavourable opinion on them.